Future Dental Research (FDR) is committed to preventing research misconduct and utilizes all available means to ensure that miscounted research is not published. While there is no standard definition of research misconduct, the Council of Editors (COPE) broadly defines it in three categories of actions and conducts. FDR used this definition of misconduct in dealing with the issue of handling research misconduct. In addition, FDR has assurance policies for each component of research misconduct, including:

  • Mistreatment of research subjects
  • Falsification and Fabrication of data
  • Piracy and Plagiarism

Protection of Animal Rights

Future Dental Research (FDR) does not publish manuscripts that do not declare a statement about the protection of animal rights. The journal requires a statement declaring that research has been reviewed by an institutional review board either in the material method section or acknowledgment section of the manuscript.

Falsification and Fabrication of Data

Fabrication is making up data without actually collecting or synthesizing scientific data. Falsification is manipulating research material to reach a favorable result. Fabrication and falsification can occur at any stage of research, including during manuscript processing, where misuse of citation can occur. FDR tries to identify any fabrication or falsification at all levels of manuscript processing, from initial screening to comprehensive evaluation of a revised manuscript and even after a manuscript has been published. Reporting any fabrication and falsification is an ethical duty of authors, co-authors, reviewers, editors, and readers. In any event of falsification or fabrication, FDR reserves the right to retract or withdraw the fabricated or falsified article.


Plagiarism is the appropriation of another person's ideas, processes, results, or words without giving appropriate credit. Self-plagiarism occurs when an author publishes their idea, data, or text in different journals where no need for such duplication exists. FDR used all means to detect plagiarism. A similarity of more than 20% in the text of a manuscript will be returned to the author as a matter of quality assurance, asking them to remove the similarities and reduce the chance of plagiarism.